Augustus - Wikipedia
His mother Atai was Caesar's niece, and the young Octavius was raised in after himself—as his great-uncle and predecessor Julius Caesar had done with July. a Senatorial decree forced his marriage to Octavian's sister Octavia Minor. Cleopatra's navy raced to aid her ally, but in the end the two lovers barely escaped. Augustus was born Gaius Octavius on September 23, 63 B.C.E., in Rome. –44 B.C.E.), and Julius Caesar himself. He made adultery (when a married person has a sexual relationship with someone other than his or her spouse) a. Augustus Caesar was named named as the principal heir of Julius Caesar. The young Augustus used Caesar's money and name to start raising an As relations with Antony broke down, it was better to wage war . In the end he lost the support of the army, followed by the Senate, and took his own life.
Rise to power Octavian's rival at this time was Mark Antony c. The two men became enemies immediately when Octavian announced his intention to take over his inheritance. Antony was engaged in war against the Senate to avenge Caesar's murder and to further his own ambitions.
Octavian sided with the Senate and joined in the fight. Antony was defeated in 43 B. As a result Octavian abandoned the senators and joined forces with Antony and Lepidus, another of Caesar's officers.
Conclusion | Caesar vs. Augustus
The three men, who called themselves the Second Triumvirate a group of three officials or government leaders in ancient Romedefeated their opponents in 42 B. They then divided the empire into areas of influence. Over time Lepidus lost power, and it seemed impossible that Antony and Octavian could avoid clashing.
Octavian declared war against Queen Cleopatra of Egypt, to whom Antony was romantically and politically tied. After a decisive naval victory in this conflict, Octavian was left as master of the entire Roman world. Two years after his adoption, he founded the Temple of Caesar additionally adding the title Divi Filius "Son of the Divine" to his name in attempt to strengthen his political ties to Caesar's former soldiers, following the deification of Caesar.
From 38 BC, Octavian opted to use Imperatorthe title by which troops hailed their leader after military success. His name is roughly translated as "Commander Caesar, Son of the Divine". Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus: Following his 31 BC defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatrapartly on his own insistence, the Roman Senate granted him the additional name, " Augustus ".
He was given the name Gaius Octavius Thurinus, his cognomen possibly commemorating his father's victory at Thurii over a rebellious band of slaves.
This man was leader in a war with a neighbouring town Octavius only mentions his father's equestrian family briefly in his memoirs. His grandfather had served in several local political offices. His father, also named Gaius Octaviushad been governor of Macedonia. His mother, Atiawas the niece of Julius Caesar. Philippus never had much of an interest in young Octavius.
Because of this, Octavius was raised by his grandmother, Juliathe sister of Julius Caesar. When he had recovered, he sailed to the front, but was shipwrecked ; after coming ashore with a handful of companions, he crossed hostile territory to Caesar's camp, which impressed his great-uncle considerably.
The Roman Empire: in the First Century. The Roman Empire. Emperors. Augustus | PBS
Walters Art MuseumBaltimore. He rejected the advice of some army officers to take refuge with the troops in Macedonia and sailed to Italy to ascertain whether he had any potential political fortunes or security. Bust of Augustus as a young man Adopted by Caesar, Augustus c. His long rule saw a huge expansion in the Roman Empire and the beginnings of a dynasty that, over the next century, would transform Rome, for better and worse.
Despite prophesies of future greatnessAugustus was a sickly child in a family with few connections. His father died when Augustus was four. His prospects were bleak: Rome was dangerous, engulfed by civil war between power-hungry factions. One of these was led by his great-uncle, Julius Caesar.
A bit of luck Then Augustus got a lucky break. In 46 BC, Caesar won the civil war and was named dictator of Rome. To secure his position, he needed an heir.
With no son of his own, he adopted Augustus. This was a fantastic opportunity for a young man from nowhere. Almost at once, however, Caesar was dead — murdered by his own advisors.
Augustus was just 19, but immediately threw himself into the backstabbing world of Roman politics.